Everest History and Legendary Book
Mt. Everest which is also known as the Sagarmatha. It is the very popular word of the world, and also the most visiting place. It is the highest peak on the Earth, which is 8,848 meters from the sea level. From the era of the 1950s, the adventurous spirit has been attracted by Mt. Everest. Tenzing Norge Sherpa (Nepal) and Sir Edmund Hilary (New Zeland) were the first ascenders of Mt. Everest. On the 29th May 1953, both of them were in the Top of Mt. Everest ( Sagarmatha). They were used Khumbu Glacier trail via South East Ridge. People trek through the Jiri that takes about 6 to 7 days to get Lukla. However, nowadays people take a short flight to Lukla. Mt. Everest is not only popular for Climbing also for the Trekking too.However, the trekking in Everest Base camp not only lifetime achievement, also hard to complete the trek. So that the mountain has reserved the numerous of records and history. Among of them some most important history are providing here.
Everest History and Records
- 1922: 7 Sherpa climbers died on the mountain because of an avalanche that is the first reported deaths on Mt. Everest.
- 1953: First Summit on May 29, 1953, by Mr. Tenzing Norgay of Nepal & Sir Edmund Percival Hillary of New Zealand via the South-East Ridge Route. (Lhotse face is to the South-East Ridge).
- 1965: Mr. Nawang Gombu Sherpa on May 20, 1965, became the first person to summit Everest twice. Both of his summits were via the South East Ridge, his first as a member of Mr. Jim Whittaker’s American Expedition where he became the 11th person to summit Everest. Out of the first seventeen summits of Everest, Nawang had two of them.
- 1975: Ms. Junko Tabei of Japan on May 16, 1975, became the first woman to reach the summit via the South-East Ridge.
- 1978: First Ascent without bottled oxygen by Mr. Peter Habeler of Austria and Reinhold Messner of Italy on May 8, 1978, via the South-East Ridge
- 1980: First Winter ascent by Mr. Krzysztof Wielicki of Poland on February 17, 1980.
- 1988: First ascent by the woman without oxygen Ms. Lydia Bradey of New Zealand on October 14, 1988.
- 1990: First married couple to summit together by Mr. Andrej & Mrs. Marija Stremfelj of Slovenia on October 7, 1990. Marija was also the first Slovenian women to summit Everest.
- 1990: First father and son to summit together by Mr. Jean Noel Roche and his son Roche Bertrand aka Zebulon. They flew together on a tandem paraglider from the south Col. They landed at base camp on October 7, 1990. Roche Bertrand was 17 years old at that time and became the youngest non-Nepalese person to ever climb Everest.
- 1992: First two brothers to reach the summit together: Mr. Alberto and Mr. Felix Inurrategui on September 25, 1992.
- 1993: The first Nepalese woman, Pasang Lhamu Sherpa, summits Everest but died descending from the summit on April 23, 1993.
- 1998: Mr. Thomas Whittaker of U.S.A. is the first handicap (one leg artificial) to climb Mt. Sagarmatha.
- 1999: Mr. Babu Chhiri Sherpa of Nepal became the first and only climber to sleep on the summit. Babu spent over 21 hours on the summit of Mt. Everest without oxygen. He established the fastest record of 16 hrs 56 min. to reach the top on May 21, 2000. He has been successful to summit Mt. Sagarmatha 10 times.
- 2000: Miss Lhakpa Sherpa of Nepal is the second Nepalese women to successfully summit Mt. Sagarmatha on May 18, 2000
- 2000: First Ski descent by Davo Karnicar.
From 2001 AD
- 2001: Mr. Temba Chiring Sherpa (16 yrs.) of Nepal is the first youngest mountaineer to successfully climb Mt. Sagarmatha from north side on May 23, 2001.
- 2001: Mr. Erik Weihenmayer of USA became the first ever blind person to summit Mt. Everest on May 25, 2001.
- 2002: Miss Pemba Doma Sherpa is the third Nepalese woman to successfully climbed Mt. Everest from both sides. She first climbed Mt. Everest from the north side and became the first Nepali women to climb from north side on May 29, 2000, and from the south side on May 16, 2002.
- 2003: Mr Ang Chhiring Sherpa, correspondent of Kantipur Daily from Nepal successfully climbed Mt. Sagarmatha on May 22,
- 2003. He is the first Nepalese journalist to climb the top of the world.
- 2003: Mr Lakpa Gelu Sherpa of Nepal successfully holds the world record of fastest climbing on the top of world on May 26, 2003, for only 10 Hours 56 minutes and 46 seconds
- 2003: Mr Lakpa Gelu Sherpa, Mr Da Nuru Sherpa, and Mr Jangbu Sherpa, three brothers scaled Mt. Everest on May 26, 2003, on the same day.
- 2004: Mr Pemba Dorjee Sherpa of Nepal successfully summit Mt. Sagarmatha by setting a new world record of fastest climbing. He completed the distance from Sagarmatha Base Camp to the summit in 8 hours and 10 minutes on May 21, 2004.
- 2005: Ms Moni Mulepati (24 Yrs) and Mr Pem Dorjee (23 Yrs) of Nepal scaled Mt. Everest together and got married on top of the world on May 30, 2005.
- 2006: Mr Lakpa Tharke Sherpa (25 yrs) of Khumjung-9, Solukhumbu climbed Mt.Everest on May 24, 2006, and took rest for 3 minutes on the top in the naked position of an upper part of his body in a surrounding temperature of minus 40 degrees centigrade.
- 2007: For the first time in human history, Mr Appa Sherpa and Mr Lhakpa Gelu Sherpa jointly released a book named ‘Sagarmathako Adhar Sibirbata (From the Everest base camp)’ at the top of the Mt. Everest on May 16, 2007, at 08:45 AM. The writer of the book is Mr. Prateek Dhakal of Kathmandu- 35, Nepal. The publisher of the book is Makalu Publication of Kathmandu, Nepal.
- 2007: Mr. Kami Sherpa, Mr. Sonam Sherpa, Mr. Lhakpa Gelje Sherpa and Mr. Da Chhamba Sherpa jointly released another book also named ‘ Seti Pani Kali Pani’ (Seti as well as Kali) at the top of Mt. Everest on the same day (May 16, 2007) at 09:45 AM. The writer of the book is also Mr. Prateek Dhakal of Kathmandu- 35, Nepal. The publisher of the book is Sajha Prakashan, a Government Publication House of Nepal.
- 2007: After climbing Mt. Everest by Mr. Pema Tharke Sherpa of Lamabagar- 3, Dolakha on May 23, 2007, a new world record is built by all seven sons of same parents Mr. Nim Chhiri Sherpa (father) and Mrs. Pema Buti Sherpa (mother) to climb Mt. Everest. The successful climbers are Late Ang Chhiri Sherpa (once in 1999), Mr. Nim Temba Sherpa (once in 1992), Mr. Pema Tharki Sherpa (once in 2007), Mr. Nima Gombu Sherpa (12 times including China side during 1993-2007), Mr. Mingma Tsiri Sherpa (12 times including China side during 1995-2007), Mr. Thundu Sherpa (3 times during 2003-2007), and Mr. Pasang Tenzing Sherpa (4 times during 2003-2007).
- 2008: Mr. Appa Sherpa (48yrs) of Nepal successfully climbed Mt. Everest 18th time on May 22, 2008
- 2008: Mr. Min Bahadur Sherchan resident of Myagdi district, at the age of 76 years 11 month and 6 days had successfully climbed Mt. Everest on May 5, 2008. He became the oldest person to reach the top of the world.
- 2008: All members of the First Inclusive Women’s Sagarmatha Expedition 2008 (FIWSE08) have able to reach the top of Mt. Everest in spring 2008.
- 2008: On the day of 22 may, 2008, there was a record of the highest person of 135 to reach the top of Mt. Everest so far.
- 2009: Mr. Appa Sherpa of Nepal successfully climbed Mt. Everest 19th time on May 22, 2009.
- 2010: Mr. Appa Sherpa of Nepal Successfully climbed Mt. Everest 20th time on May 22, 2010.
- 2011: Mr. Appa Sherpa of Nepal Successfully climbed Mt. Everest 21th time on May 11, 2010.
- 2011: 9 Nepalese Civil Service Personnel of Nepal Civil Servant First Mountain Everest Expedition, 2011 team led by the secretary of Government of Nepal, Mr Lilamani Paudel have successfully climbed Mt. Everest on May 18, 2011. (Source: http://www.tourismdepartment.gov.np/mountain/view/1)
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